Albana: general information

general information managed by Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie - Università degli Studi di Bologna
How to cite this source Filippetti I., Pastore C., Fontana M. 2015. Albana In: Italian Vitis Database, www.vitisdb.it, ISSN 2282-006X
botanical information
name
Albana
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
not available
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
trueness to type
code
IVD-var_231
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
yes
code
004
Official name
Albana
synonyms
no synonym available for Albana
released clones (7)
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • leaf
    leaf
  • bunch
    bunch
Historical references

Albana is one of the main white varieties of Romagna. The first sign of his presence in this region dates 1300 when Pier De Crescenzi wrote that Albana was one of the best grape varieties grown in Romagna at that time. Later Tanara (1654) described Albana as one interesting grape to produce a very delicate wine.  

 

 

distribution & variation

In the middle of the 17th century several citations reported that Albana was the main cultivated variety around Cesena area and the hills close to Dozza (Imola), Riolo, S.Lucia delle Spianate, Terra del Sole e Castrocaro, Bertinoro, Cesena, Longiano e Montiano resulted as the  best performing sites (Grandi, 1879).

The Albana intra-variety variability has been pointed out from the past:  Molon (1906), reported the presence of different Albana biotypes. Cosmo e Polsinelli (1952-1960) stated the variety unicity, which was confirmed by the results of clonal selection conducted during the 1970s at the Bologna University (Faccioli e Marangoni, 1971; Intrieri et al., 1992).

 

Currently, the Albana clones are in number of seven and six of them date back to the 1970’s. The main areas of cultivation in Emilia Romagna region are located between Forli-Cesena, Ravenna and Bologna provinces and the cultivated area  corresponds to 1400 hectares  in 2010 (ISTAT-Censimento Agricoltura, 2010), with 50 % decrease respect to the 2000  (ISTAT, 2000).

technological use

Albana grape are mainly used to obtain  still wine, traditionally consumed in the area of production, Romagna.  The evolution of enological technique has improved the organoleptic traits of these wines and has increased the production of raisin wine obtained by the vinification of dried grapes.

Albana wines showed a very intense aroma profile, with mainly fruity nuances and a firm structure.  

 

Albana of Romagna DOCG may be produced dry, sweet, raisin  and even sparkling wines.   

bibliographies (8)
authors year title journal citation
Cosmo I., Polsinelli M. 1957 Albana. In: Principali Vitigni da vino coltivati in Italia. Ministero Agricoltura e Foreste, Roma
De Crescenzi P. 1851 Trattato della agricoltura. 1300 Traslato dalla favella fiorentina dallo ‘N ferigno. Verona, Tip. Vicentini e Franchini
Faccioli F., Marangoni B. 1971 Selezione clonale dei vitigni romagnoli. L'Italia Agricola, 108,7; 1-32
ISTAT 2010 Censimento generale dell'Agricoltura -
Ministero d’Agricoltura, Industria e Commercio 1879 Bullettino Ampelografico, fascicolo X. Tipografia Eredi Botta, Roma
Molon G. 1906 Ampelografia. Ulrico Hoepli, Editore Libraio della Real Casa, Milano.
Pulliat V. 1874 Le Vignoble, ou Histoire, culture et description avec planches coloriées des vignes à raisins de table et à raisins de cuve les plus généralement connues... 9 Parigi, Masson, 1874-1879
Tanara V. 1644 L’economia del cittadino in villa. Edizione del 1674 stampata “appresso Steffano Curti”, Venezia.
updated at 2015-06-14 15:00:13 (4 years ago)