Bianco d'Alessano: general information

general information managed by Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, degli Alimenti e dell'Ambiente (SAFE) - Università degli Studi di Foggia
How to cite this source de Palma L., Tarricone L., De Michele M., Sacco L., Limosani P., Carparelli P., 2014. Bianco d'Alessano. In Italian Vitis database http://it.grapedb.org ISSN 2282-006X.
botanical information
name
Bianco d'Alessano
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
Neutre
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
code
IVD-var_30
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
yes
code
028
Official name
Bianco d'Alessano
synonyms
documented synonyms (2)
synonyms documented by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
released clones (2)
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • leaf
    leaf
  • bunch
    bunch
Historical references

Variety of undefined origin and of ancient cultivation in the Puglia region; in the “Bullettino Ampelografico” Frojo (1875) mentions the grape variety Butta palmento (Lecce) with its synonyms Bianco di lassame (Trani, Andria, Barletta), Bianco di palmento (Taranto province), Acchianca palamento (Ostuni, in Brindisi province) and Bianco d’Alessano (Carovigno, in Brindisi province).

Bianco d’Alessano, possibly starting from the Lecce province (where Alessano town is located), wasspread aroundother viticulturalareas likelybecause of its highproductivity, not for other features. In facts, Frojo described this variety asvery productive, but sensitive to rot and poor of flavors and other quality traits.

According to Carparelli and collaborators (2006), in the '40sBianco d’Alessano growing lost part of its importance in favor of more profitable crops, while,in the '50s, it arouse new interest since the neutral wines had a good remuneration.

 

distribution & variation

Del Gaudio and Nico (1960) date back to 1870 the Bianco d’Alessano growingin the Martina Franca area (Taranto province), mention the same town and Crispiano as the most important for the cultivation of thisvariety and report its constant association with cv. Verdeca, considered by growers as even more productive and by wine-makersas suitable to confera light green colorto the “Martina Franca wine”.

Presently, Bianco d’Alessanois grown almost exclusively in Puglia, especially in “Valle di Itria”. It is included amongthe varieties suitable for cultivation into all the Apulian viticultural areas. According to data of the Italian Census of Agriculture 2010, Bianco d’Alessano is grown in Apulia on411 hectares, 67% of which (equally distributed amongthe provinces of Brindisi, Bari and Taranto) are destined to the production of DOC wines. At the begenning of '70s the surface interested by this variety was about 3830 hectars.

technological use

Bianco d’Alessano wines are neutral, dry, with pale yellow color, suitable as base for vermouth wines, not suitable for aging.

The adoption of proper viticultural and oenological techniques allowed to obtain by this variety interesting wines, with golden hues, preservable from oxidation.

Grapes show average sugar accumulation about 20 °Brix, titratable acidity 5-6 g/L, pH 3.4-3.6.

This cultivar is included in the variety base of Apulian DOC wines Lizzano, Locorotondo, Martina Franca and Gravina and IGT Puglia, Daunia, Murgia, Valle d'Itria, Tarantino, Salento.

bibliographies (3)
authors year title journal citation
Carparelli P., Moretti G., Tarricone L., Gardiman M. 2006 Rivalutazione enologica del Bianco di Alessano. Atti informatici Convegno Nazionale “I vitigni autoctoni minori: aspetti tecnici, normativi e commerciali” Torino (Villa Gualino), 30 novembre-1 dicembre 2006
Del Gaudio S., Nico G. 1960 Bianco d'Alessano Principali vitigni da vino coltivati in Italia - Volume I, Ministero dell'Agricoltura e delle Foreste
Frojo G. 1875 Relazione sugli studi ampelografici eseguiti nelle Puglie Bullettino Ampelografico, Ministero d’Agricoltura Industria e Commercio, Anno 1875 Fascicolo I. Tipografia Eredi Botta, Roma, 1876.
updated at 2016-01-07 11:51:31 (3 years ago)