Lambrusco salamino: general information

general information managed by Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita - Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
How to cite this source Sgarbi E., Antonelli A., Bignami C., Imazio S., Masino F., Matrella V., Montevecchi G., Olmi L., Vasile Simone G., 2015. Lambrusco salamino. In: Italian Vitis Database, www.vitisdb.it, ISSN 2282-006X
acknowledgments Fondazione Ager, Istituto A. Zanelli (RE)
botanical information
name
Lambrusco salamino
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
Neutre
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
code
IVD-var_120
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
yes
code
120
Official name
Lambrusco salamino N.
synonyms
no synonym available for Lambrusco salamino
released clones (10)
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • shootTipUs
    shootTipUs
  • shootTipLs
    shootTipLs
  • bud
    bud
  • leaf
    leaf
  • leafUs
    leafUs
  • leafLs
    leafLs
  • petiol sinus
    petiol sinus
  • flower
    flower
  • bunch
    bunch
  • berry
    berry
  • seed
    seed
Historical references

Lambrusco salamino, whose name refers to the cylindrical shape and the tight cluster that resembles a small salami, is grown in the Modena and Reggio Emilia area (northern Italy) at least since the mid-eighteenth century.

Piergiovanni Paltrinieri, in fact, in the second half of the eighteenth century describes the "Salamina" in the unpublished manuscript “Le uve che si trovano nel Carpigiano oltre le descritte nel Baccanale de’ vini Modenesi” ("Grapes that are located in Carpi well described in the Bacchanal de 'wines Modena"), whose contents are then published by Maini a century later (Maini, 1851).

The words of Paltrinieri describe very well the Lambrusco salamino: "it is Lambrusca grape: it has berries similar to Sabina, but dense and crammed; it has a small cluster, long around one finger, and it is so big in the beginning as in the end. The berry skin is thin, little black color, and the must crystalline".

Bertozzi in 1840 cites this variety with the dialect name "Imbrusca salamèina” in the long list of grape varieties grown in Reggio Emilia area and classifies in the group of  “colored grapes grown in the fields. Grapes choices for the best wines of trade " thus expressing a very positive view.

It is also mentioned by Galloni (1847) and described by Francesco Aggazzotti (1867).

Ramazzini in 1885, deploring the confusion about grapevine varieties, turns his attentions "for the grapes that enjoy the sympathies of winemakers and which are apparently disputing the palm of preference: Lambrusco Sorbara and Lambrusco salamino". He praises of Lambrusco robustness and productivity higher than that of all the varieties of the province, but he sees the only use for a product to be mixed with the must of other cultivars. Ramazzini believes that there is variability inside the variety and distinguishes between three types differing for morphological characters and productivity, sensitivity to powdery mildew and adaptability to different soil and weather: soft, with red leaf and green leaf, the latter characterized by higher productivity and rusticity .

bibliographies (9)
authors year title journal citation
Aggazzotti F. 1867 Catalogo descrittivo delle principali varietà di uve coltivate presso il csa. Avv. Francesco Aggazzotti del Colombaro. Tipografia di Carlo Vincenzi, Modena. pp.52
Bertozzi V. 1840 Viti della provincia di Reggio manoscritto, Reggio Emilia
Bulgarelli E., Meglioraldi S., Sgarbi E., Storchi M., Bignami C. 2010 Diradamento chimico del grappolo di Lambrusco salamino [tatus Hortus 17 (Suppl. n. 3): 42-48
Casali C. 1915 I nomi delle piante nel dialetto reggiano. Atti del Consorzio di Reggio Emilia n.1. Tipografia Bondavalli. Reggio nell’Emilia. 126 pp.
Cosmo I., Polsinelli M., Comuzzi A., Sardi F., Calò A. 1962 Lambrusco salamino in Principali vitigni da vino in Italia. Volume II
Galloni A. 1847 Delle varietà di viti da coltivarsi nella Provincia di Reggio per far vino da vendersi all’estero. Discorsi letti il 21-5-1847 nell’adunanza pubblica della Società d’agricoltura in Reggio, Reggio Emilia.
Maini L. 1851 Catalogo alfabetico di quasi tutte le uve o viti conosciute e coltivate nelle provincie di Modena e Reggio secondo i loro nomi volgari. Tipografia Moneti e Pelloni, Modena
Meglioraldi S., Ruffa P., Raimondi S., Storchi M., Torello Marinoni D., Vingione M., Boccacci P., Schneider A., 2013 Conoscere il patrimonio viticolo per tutelarlo L'Informatore agrario. 23:50-54
Ramazzini E. 1885 I lambruschi di Sorbara e salamino Modena
updated at 2017-01-21 08:02:47 (2 years ago)