Lambrusco di Corbelli: general information

general information managed by Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita - Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
How to cite this source Meglioraldi S., Gaddi L., Bignami C. Lambrusco di Corbelli. In: Italian Vitis Database. www.vitisdb.it ISSN 2282-0062010
acknowledgments Fondazione Ager
botanical information
name
Lambrusco di Corbelli
type of origin
spontanea
specie
Vitis vinifera
variety group
Neutre
genera
Vitis
subspecie
sativa
variety for
wine
trueness to type
code
IVD-var_114
registration
Registered in the National Catalogue
no
synonyms
no synonym available for Lambrusco di Corbelli
released clones
images
  • shoot
    shoot
  • leaf
    leaf
  • flower
    flower
  • bunch
    bunch
  • berry
    berry
  • seed
    seed
Historical references

Lambrusco di Corbelli probably corresponds to the Lambrusco di Rivalta di Augusto Pizzi which in 1891 analyzed the sugar content in the must, together with that of other 112 varieties grown in the province of Reggio (in Bellocchi, 1982). This vine was later quoted by Mondini (1899) and in the Ampelografia by Molon (1906). Casali (1915) included in his list of dialect names of plants Reggio name òva Lambrósca éd Corbelli and synonyms òva Lambrósca éd Rivèlta, òva lambrósc fiurintèin, but giving only Lambrusco di Rivalta and Lambrusco Fiorentino as corresponding Italian names. This synonymy was confirmed also by Franceschini and Premuda (1922) and Fornaciari (1924), which identified in Rivalta and its surrounding the areas of cultivation of Lambrusco di Corbelli.

Testimonials of local growers confirm the presence in the area of extensive acreage in the first half of the '900 and describe the subsequent sharp decline, which led to the current presence of a few plants, today in the course of recovery, evaluation and exploitation.

The origin of the cultivar is uncertain. It believed to have been transplanted and spread in Rivalta (RE) in the nineteenth century by the counts Ferrari Corbelli (Losi, 1979). The presence of Lambrusco Barghi in the same vineyards where there was Lambrusco di Corbelli has fueled doubts about which of the two varieties corresponded to Lambrusco di Rivalta, doubts not clarified by the description of bunches and leaves of Molon, which does not correspond perfectly to either vines (Meglioraldi 2014).

The local growers support the hypothesis of synonymy between Lambrusco di Corbelli and Lambrusco di Rivalta, also based on the greater bond of Lambrusco of Corbelli with Rivalta territory, compared to Lambrusco Barghi, more widespread in the area of Albinea.

distribution & variation

Lambrusco di Corbelli is very rare in Reggio territory and has threatened to disappear. The preservation of few plants in a private vineyard-collection in Rivalta has enabled the recent recovery and study of this variety by the Consorzio  Colli di Scandiano and Canossa and Consorzio fitosanitario di Reggio Emilia, which has highlighted, through molecular analysis, its genetic diversity from the other local cultivars(Meglioraldi, 2012; Meglioraldi et al., 2013).

Lambrusco di Corbelli was propagated and included in the vineyard-collection of the ITA Zanelli, as part of the Province of Reggio Emilia project aimed at the conservation and exploitation of the agrobiodiversity (PSR 2007-2013, Mis. 214, Az. 7 agrobiodiversità).

The actions of preservation and promotion rely on the contribution of the Rivalta volunteers and of local growers.

It is not entered in the National Register of varieties.  Its inclusion in the Directory of local varieties of Emilia Romagna region has not yet been proposed.

It is considered a rustic vine, with high and constant productivity. Despite the flowers with anomalies of the male organs (stamens reflexed) not had any problems of fruit set in multi-cultivar vineyards. It prefers soils and climates of foothills and hills. Vintage takes place after the middle of September.

The plants currently in collection seem to be affected by viruses.

 

technological use

The grapes of Lambrusco di Corbelli was traditionally used to produce table wines not very colorful.

Trials of vinification are ongoing to assess attitudes and oenological properties

bibliographies (7)
authors year title journal citation
Casali C. 1915 I nomi delle piante nel dialetto reggiano. Atti del Consorzio di Reggio Emilia n.1. Tipografia Bondavalli. Reggio nell’Emilia. 126 pp.
Franceschini A., Premuda V. 1922 L’organizzazione della produzione. Il contadino. Giugno.
Losi G. 1979 Sulla via del lambrusco: ricerche sulle antiche origini del nostro vino. Il lambrusco ed il collegamento con le aree nobili Il filugello. 34:19-23
Meglioraldi S. 2012 La biodiversità viticola reggiana. In: Arca Regia, piante e animali dell’agrobiodiversità reggiana. Provincia di Reggio Emilia. Compograf (RE).
Meglioraldi S. 2014 Il lambrusco di Corbelli o di Rivalta, un vitigno ritrovato http://www.insiemeperrivalta.it/lambrusco-corbelli-rivalta-vitigno-ritrovato/
Meglioraldi S., Ruffa P., Raimondi S., Storchi M., Torello Marinoni D., Vingione M., Boccacci P., Schneider A., 2013 Conoscere il patrimonio viticolo per tutelarlo L'Informatore agrario. 23:50-54
Molon G. 1906 Ampelografia. vol. II - Hoepli, Milano.
updated at 2016-11-29 09:53:22 (2 years ago)