Italian Vitis Database

Universit&agrave di Pisa Vitis Database Working Group


Home about VitisDB search descriptors varieties bibliography participants contacts funding links login

variety Prié blanc

general information managed by
how to cite this source
Schneider A., Raimondi S., Torello Marinoni D. - 2013 - Prié blanc. In: Italian Vitis Database. www.vitisdb.it
botanical information
name: Prié blanc
type of origin: spontanea genera: Vitis
specie: Vitis vinifera subspecie: sativa
variety group: not available variety for: wine
trueness to type: confirmed by ampelography
registration
Registered in the Italian National Catalogue: yes code 311
Official name Prié blanc B.
synonyms (4)
official synonyms (1)
synonyms reported in the National Catalogue
  • Madeleine Salomon (FRA)
documented synonyms (4)
synonyms documented by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
  • Agostenga (Piemonte), Blanc de Morgex (Valle d'Aosta), Legiruela (ESP, Pirenei), Seidentraube gruen (DEU)
wrong denominations (1)
wrong denominations indicated by the Istitution that appear with the eventual support of the literature
  • Madeleine Salomon (FRA)
released clones (1)
  • I - AO 4
images
shoot
Pri__blanc_germ

leaf
Pri__blanc_fg

bunch
Pri__blanc_gr
Historical references

Prié blanc is the official Italian name of the early ripening grape cultivar traditionally grown in a small area at the foot of Mont Blanc in the Aosta Valley, on the southern side of the western Alps (Di Rovasenda, 1877). Previous official name was that of Blanc de Morgex, later replaced by the local name Prié blanc. A synonym popular in the past was that of Agostenga, alluding to the early ripening. With this name it was grown for table consumption and wine-making in northern Italy and especially in Piedmont (Molon, 1906). From here and from the Aosta valley was introduced in the Swiss Valais through the Gran San Bernardo pass, hence the name Bernarde reported for the region north of the Alps (Berget, 1904). It 'also known in Germany (with the name Grüne Seidentraube) and in other countries of Central and Northern Europe, where it was grown both outdoors and in greenhouses. Some authors reject the correspondence between Agostenga and Prié blanc, claiming for the latter the origin as offspring from Luglienga (Vouillamoz and Moriondo, 2011). While confirming the kinship of first degree with the latter variety, already noted (Schneider et al., 2010), we agree with the authors of the past considering Prié corresponding to the historic "Vine of August." Since the first mention of Agostenga refers to Piedmont (Croce, 1606), it is commonly regarded that this grape spread to Europe from Italy. Lacombe and coll. (2012) proposed it originates from the two varieties presumably Italians, Luglienga bianca (Lignan) and Bermestia bianca.

distribution & variation

In addition to the historical areas, where only in the Aosta valley has a reasonable interest for viticulture,  it was recently shown that Prié blanc is synonym of Legiruela, a minor grape from the southern slopes of Central Plateau in Spain, and that other varieties from Spain are linked to it by kinship (Schneider et al., 2010).

As we have seen, Prié blanc has not to be confused with Luglienga or S. Anna di Lipsia, which shares with Prié the early ripening and other plant features.

technological use

Thanks to the very early ripening, Prié blanc provides fresh white wines from the traditional growing area in the upper Aosta Valley (DOP Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle), where it is grown up to altitudes of over 1000 meters above sea level. It gives dry still wines, sparkling méthode champenoise and ice wines.

related bibliography (8)
authors year title journal citation actions
Berget A. 1904 Blanc du Valdigne In: Ampélographie, par Viala P. et Vermorel V., Tome V. view
Croce G.B. 1606 Della eccellenza e diversità dei vini che nella montagna di Torino si fanno; e del modo di farli. In Torino, per Aluigi Pizzamiglio. view
Di Rovasenda G. 1877 Saggio di una ampelografia universale. Loescher, Torino. view
Lacombe L., Boursiquot J.M., Laucou V., Di Vecchi-Staraz M., Péros J.P., This P. 2013 Large-scale parentage analysis in an extended set of grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.) TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics Volume 126, Issue 2 , pp 401-414 view
Molon G. 1906 Ampelografia. vol. II - Hoepli, Milano. view
Moriondo G. 1999 Vini e vitigni autoctoni della Valle d'Aosta Institut Agricole Régional. Aosta. view
Schneider A., Torello Marinoni D., De Andrés M.T., Raimondi S., Cabello F., Ruffa P., García-Muñoz S., Muñoz-Organero G. 2010 Prié blanc and Legiruela: a unique grape cultivar grown in distant European regions J. Int. Sci. Vigne Vin, 44, n°1, 1-7. view
Vouillamoz J.F., Moriondo G. 2011 Origine des cépages valaisans et valdôtains. Ed. du Belvédère, Fleurier, CH view